Chemical elements
    Physical Properties
    Chemical Properties
      Lead Tetramethyl
      Lead Tetraethyl
      Lead Tetraphenyl
      Lead Ethoxide
      Lead Fluoride
      Lead Tetrafluoride
      Hydrofluoplumbic Acid
      Lead Chloride
      Lead Chloride Double Salts
      Basic Lead Chlorides
      Lead Tetrachloride
      Ammonium Plumbichloride
      Lead Chlorite
      Lead Chlorate
      Lead Perchlorate
      Lead Dibromide
      Double Salts of Lead Bromide
      Basic Lead Bromides
      Lead Bromate
      Lead Iodide
      Lead Iodide Complex Salts
      Basic Lead Iodides
      Lead Tetra-iodide
      Lead Iodate
      Lead Periodates
      Lead Suboxide
      Lead Monoxide
      Lead Hydroxides
      Lead Dioxide
      Plumbic Acids
      Hexahydroxyplumbic Acid
      Colloidal Plumbic Acid
      Potassium Plumbate
      Lead Plumbate
      Calcium Orthoplumbate
      Lead Orthoplumbate
      Red Lead
      Metaplumbic Acid
      Calcium Metaplumbate
      Lead Metaplumbate
      Basic Lead Plumbate
      Lead Sulphide
      Lead Sulphohalides
      Lead Polysulphide
      Lead Sulphite
      Lead Sulphates
      Lead Sulphate
      Basic Lead Sulphates
      Lead Hydrogen Sulphate
      Plumbic Sulphate
      Lead Persulphate
      Lead Thiosulphate
      Lead Dithionate
      Lead Selenide
      Lead Selenite
      Lead Selenate
      Lead Telluride
      Lead Tellurite
      Lead Azide
      Lead Azoimide
      Lead Hydrazoate
      Lead Imide
      Lead Hyponitrite
      Lead Nitrites
      Lead Nitrate
      Lead saltpetre
      Basic Lead Nitrates
      Lead Hypophosphite
      Lead Phosphite
      Lead Orthophosphate
      Lead Monohydrogen Phosphate
      Lead Dihydrogen Phosphate
      Lead Pyrophosphate
      Lead Metaphosphate
      Lead Arsenite
      Lead Orthoarsenate
      Lead Hydrogen Arsenate
      Lead Pyroarsenate
      Lead Antimonate
      Lead Carbonate
      White Lead
      Lead Formate
      Lead Acetate
      Sugar of Lead
      Complex Lead Acetates
      Plumbic Acetate
      Lead Tetra-acetate
      Lead Oxalate
      Lead Tartrate
      Lead Silicates
      Lead Borates
      Normal Lead Chromate
      Lead Dichromate
      Basic Lead Chromate
      Lead Molybdate
      Lead Tungstate
      Lead Metatungstate
      Lead Diuranate
      Lead Peruranate
    PDB 1afv-3qjk

Lead Chlorate, Pb(ClO3)2

Lead Chlorate, Pb(ClO3)2.H2O, is obtained by adding lead oxide or carbonate in excess to chloric acid solution, allowing the solution to stand for a day, and then filtering and concentrating the filtrate. The crystals are monoclinic, and are isomorphous with those of the corresponding barium salt, Ba(ClO3)2.H2O. The salt may be dehydrated by heating under greatly reduced pressure to 130°-140° C. The manner of decomposition of anhydrous lead chlorate by heat is interesting because it may be compared with the familiar decomposition of potassium chlorate. The subject has been investigated by Sodeau, who has shown that chlorine is evolved together with oxygen, and that in the slow decomposition of the salt under 4 mm. pressure at 225°- 260° C. the following independent reactions take place:

Pb(ClO3)2 = PbCl2 + 3O2
Pb(ClO3)2 = PbO2 + Cl2 + 2O2

and that lead peroxide and chlorine interact thus:

PbO2 + Cl2 = PbCl2 + O2,

so that the amount of chlorine actually evolved is much reduced. If the decomposition takes place rapidly at high temperature, the oxychloride PbO.PbCl2 is formed.

The difference between the behaviour of lead and potassium chlorates when heated lies in the loss of chlorine by the former salt; and this difference may be attributed to the weaker basic nature of lead oxide. It may be suggested;that the nitrates show a somewhat similar difference when heated, potassium nitrate retaining all its nitrogen as nitrite, whilst lead nitrate loses it all as NO2, and is converted into oxide.

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