Chemical elements
  Lead
    Occurrence
    Isotopes
    Energy
    Production
    Application
    Physical Properties
    Chemical Properties
      Lead Tetramethyl
      Lead Tetraethyl
      Lead Tetraphenyl
      Lead Ethoxide
      Lead Fluoride
      Lead Tetrafluoride
      Hydrofluoplumbic Acid
      Lead Chloride
      Lead Chloride Double Salts
      Basic Lead Chlorides
      Lead Tetrachloride
      Ammonium Plumbichloride
      Lead Chlorite
      Lead Chlorate
      Lead Perchlorate
      Lead Dibromide
      Double Salts of Lead Bromide
      Basic Lead Bromides
      Lead Bromate
      Lead Iodide
      Lead Iodide Complex Salts
      Basic Lead Iodides
      Lead Tetra-iodide
      Lead Iodate
      Lead Periodates
      Lead Suboxide
      Lead Monoxide
      Litharge
      Massicot
      Lead Hydroxides
      Lead Dioxide
      Plumbic Acids
      Hexahydroxyplumbic Acid
      Colloidal Plumbic Acid
      Potassium Plumbate
      Lead Plumbate
      Calcium Orthoplumbate
      Lead Orthoplumbate
      Red Lead
      Metaplumbic Acid
      Calcium Metaplumbate
      Lead Metaplumbate
      Basic Lead Plumbate
      Lead Sulphide
      Lead Sulphohalides
      Lead Polysulphide
      Lead Sulphite
      Lead Sulphates
      Lead Sulphate
      Basic Lead Sulphates
      Lead Hydrogen Sulphate
      Plumbic Sulphate
      Lead Persulphate
      Lead Thiosulphate
      Lead Dithionate
      Lead Selenide
      Lead Selenite
      Lead Selenate
      Lead Telluride
      Lead Tellurite
      Lead Azide
      Lead Azoimide
      Lead Hydrazoate
      Lead Imide
      Lead Hyponitrite
      Lead Nitrites
      Lead Nitrate
      Lead saltpetre
      Basic Lead Nitrates
      Lead Hypophosphite
      Lead Phosphite
      Lead Orthophosphate
      Lead Monohydrogen Phosphate
      Lead Dihydrogen Phosphate
      Lead Pyrophosphate
      Lead Metaphosphate
      Lead Arsenite
      Lead Orthoarsenate
      Lead Hydrogen Arsenate
      Lead Pyroarsenate
      Lead Antimonate
      Lead Carbonate
      White Lead
      Lead Formate
      Lead Acetate
      Sugar of Lead
      Complex Lead Acetates
      Plumbic Acetate
      Lead Tetra-acetate
      Lead Oxalate
      Lead Tartrate
      Lead Silicates
      Lead Borates
      Normal Lead Chromate
      Lead Dichromate
      Basic Lead Chromate
      Lead Molybdate
      Lead Tungstate
      Lead Metatungstate
      Lead Diuranate
      Lead Peruranate
    PDB 1afv-3qjk

Basic Lead Nitrates






Various basic lead nitrates have been described. They are obtained by the action of metallic lead, lead oxide, white lead, potassium hydroxide, ammonia, or certain basic oxides on lead nitrate solution, or by dissolving lead oxide in solutions of other metallic nitrates; i.e. either by adding hydroxide ions to lead nitrate or nitrate ions to lead hydroxide.

The following salts appear to exist; other products which have been described are probably mixtures.

Pb(NO3)2.PbO.H2O or Pb(NO3)OH.
2Pb(NO3)2.4PbO.3H2O, formulated by Berzelius and Meissner as 6PbO.N2O5.3H2O.
3Pb(NO3)2.7PbO.4 or 5H2O.
Pb(NO3)2.5PbO.H2O.
Pb(NO3)OH is prepared by boiling the normal salt with an equal weight of lead oxide and water, and cooling, when it separates in crystals, which are sparingly soluble in cold, but more readily soluble in hot water. Carbon dioxide forms carbonate and the normal salt; gentle heat converts the compound into red lead.

The other salts are obtained by the action of lead hydroxide on potassium nitrate solution, or of ammonia on lead nitrate solution.

In addition to these, however, there are the two anhydrous basic salts formed during the careful ignition of solid lead nitrate, viz. 2Pb(NO3)2.PbO and Pb(NO3)2.2PbO.

A comparison of the solubilities of lead nitrate in water and in potassium and sodium nitrate solutions, as well as a study of the freezing-points of the simple and mixed solutions, leads to the conclusion that lead nitrate combines with alkali nitrates in solution to form complex ions, such as (KPbNO3)••, so that a reaction, such as

Pb(NO3)2 + KNO3 ⇔ (KPbNO,)•• + 2NO3'

takes place in solution.

Lead nitrate forms with thiourea the compounds:

Pb2(CSN2H4)11(NO3)4 and Pb(CSN2H4)2(NO3)2; and with pyridine Pb(NO3)2.2C5H5N, and Pb(NO3)2.3C5H5N.


© Copyright 2008-2012 by atomistry.com